Format of the TOEFL

Two versions of the TOEFL are currently available: the paper-based test (PBT) and the internet-based test (iBT). The format of the TOEFL differs slightly between the two versions. Most students are likely to take the iBT version of the TOEFL.

In some countries the iBT is not available and the paper-based test is used. However, if you have a reliable internet connection and can read this web page, chances are that the iBT of the TOEFL is offered in you country.
The iBT test takes approximately 4 hours to complete and has four sections: reading, listening, speaking, and writing. The table below outlines the format of the iBT version of the TOEFL.


60–100 minutes

36–70 questions

3-5 passages approximately 700 words long; 12-14 questions per passage.

Score = 0–30


60–90 minutes

34–51 questions

4-6 lectures, each 3-5 minutes long; 6 questions per lecture.


2-3 conversations, each 3 minutes long; 5 questions per conversation.

Score = 0–30


10 minutes


20 minutes

6 tasks

Tasks 1–2: Express an opinion.


Tasks 3–6: Talk about what is read and/or listened to.

Score = 0–4 points, which is converted to a
0–30 scale.


50 minutes

2 tasks

Task 1: Write based on an academic lecture and an academic passage.


Task 2: Write a personal essay.

Score = 0–5 points, which is converted to a
0–30 scale.






Score = 0–120